people of color: Acceptable use as
a synonym for minorities. May also use to describe groups such as
journalists of color or women of color. (See minorities.)
primitive: Avoid using potentially insulting term to describe a person or people.
projects, the: Abbreviated slang
for housing projects. Do not use either term to describe a persons
dwelling. Better to say housing development.
quotas: A specific or
presubscribed number than must be met to reach a certain goal. A
buzzword often used in the affirmative action debate, however, it is not
synonymous with affirmative action, which is a practice, activity or
program aimed at correcting the enduring effects of discrimination and
helping to diversify businesses, organizations and schools.
race: See ethnicity, race.
Rastafarians: Members of a
political and religious movement among blacks in Jamaica and several
other countries. This messianic movement dates back to the 1930s.
Rastafarians believe that Haile Selassie (originally known as Ras
Tafari), a former emperor of Ethiopia, is the only true God and consider
him the messiah. They believe that black people are the Israelites
reincarnated and have been subjected to the white race in divine
punishment for their sins; they will eventually be redeemed by
repatriation to Africa. These beliefs, first enunciated in 1953, can be
traced to several independent proponents, particularly Marcus Garvey.
Some Rastafarian rituals include the use of marijuana, considered a holy
weed, and the chanting of revivalist hymns. Reggae music is the popular
music of the movement.
funding and social programs intended to compensate black people for past
injustices of slavery and discrimination. In 1988, America issued a
national apology to Japanese Americans placed in American internment
camps during World War II and paid each victim $20,000. This prompted
many black Americans to press for similar reparations. Some also cited
as grounds for reparations the unfulfilled Civil War promise that each
slave receive 40 acres and a mule; the millions of dollars of German aid
to Jews following the Holocaust and the Marshall Plan that rebuilt
Europe after World War II. Reparations advocates have proposed packages
ranging from $700 billion to $4 trillion. Most favor investing the money
in education and economic development for black communities. This
proposed use of reparations contrasts with that of some earlier
reparation movements that sought to create and fund an independent black
state (in Africa or the southern United States) or to secure pensions
for ex-slaves and their descendants.
Reconstruction: Period after the
Civil War in which attempts made to rebuild the South and solve the
political, social, and economic problems arising from the readmission to
the Union of the 11 Confederate states that had seceded at or before
the war. Most historians consider Reconstruction to have taken place
1865-1877. Newly emancipated blacks with the help of government and
supporters assisted in reconstructing society.
redneck: A derogatory term for whites. Do not use.
reverse discrimination: Used to describe discrimination against whites.