Cajun, Creole: Cajun is a native
of Louisiana originally descended from the Acadian French immigrants.
Creole is a person of European parentage born in the West Indies,
Central America, tropical South America or the Gulf States.
civil-rights movement, Civil Rights Act:
Often used to describe the struggles of black Americans between
1945-1970 to end discrimination and racial segregation. Congress passed
the Civil Rights Act of 1964 and the Voting Rights Act of 1965 to
guarantee basic civil rights for all Americans, regardless of race,
after nearly a decade of nonviolent protests and marches, ranging from
the 1955-1956 Montgomery bus boycott to the student-led sit-ins of
the1960s to the March on Washington in 1963.
colored: An archaic term for
black. In some African countries, colored denotes those of mixed racial
ancestry. Do not use unless referring to official names, historical
events or in quotes. (See African, African American, black.)
complexions: Black skin tones
range from very light to very dark. Be sensitive when describing various
shades of skin. Certain terms such as darkie, high-yellow, redbone,
blue-black or tar baby, are considered offensive by some and should be
Congo: Do not use to refer to the
Democratic Republic of Congo, formerly called Zaire. It is sometimes
called Congo-Kinshasa, after its capital, to distinguish it from the
Republic of Congo, or Congo-Brazzaville. The name of the river is still
Congo River, even though inhabitants of the former Zaire call it the
Congress of Racial Equality (CORE):
Civil-rights organization founded in 1942 as the Committee of Racial
Equality by an interracial group of students in Chicago. Influenced by
Mahatma Gandhi's teachings of nonviolent resistance, the group sought to
better race relations and end discrimination.
dark continent: Avoid using as a description for Africa. Considered offensive.
Deep South: Southeastern part of
America. Uppercase when referring to the region that consists of
Alabama, Georgia, Louisiana, Mississippi and South Carolina.
dialect: Language forms,
particularly oddities of pronunciation and syntax, that are peculiar to a
region or a group. Avoid using dialect if it renders the speaker as
ignorant or makes the person a subject of ridicule, even in quoted
material. In rare stories, use of dialect may be approved as bringing a
sense of atmosphere that could not otherwise be achieved. Such approval
should come from the department-head level. Obviously, further exception
is made when dialect itself is news, such as in a story in which it is
pertinent to the identification of a crime suspect. If dialect is to be
used, words are spelled phonetically and apostrophes indicate missing
sounds. Be accurate and avoid exaggeration.
diversity: Catchall term to
describe a condition or environment that is multiracial and
multicultural; being representative or reflective of the multiethnic
society. Diversity is not synonymous with affirmative action, is not
limited to race and is not government-mandated. A company can have a
diverse staff mixing races, ages, sexes, sexual orientation, etc.
dominoes: Popular game in the
black community played by two or more people using 28 flat oblong shape
pieces, which are plain at the back, but on the face are divided by a
line in the middle, and either left blank or dotted like a dice. Players
must match the dots or the blank of an unmatched half of a domino
double Dutch: Popular black
children's jump rope game in which two turners swing two ropes
simultaneously in a crisscross pattern for the person jumping.
down low, DL: Slang for men who
have sex with other men but do not classify themselves as gay or
bisexual. These men have relationships with women but also have sex with
men secretly. If acronym is used in quotes or copy, define what it
dozens, the: Form of verbal play in which participants exchange taunts and insults.
driving while black, DWB: Phrase
or acronym describing racial profiling of black motorists by police,
especially when while driving expensive cars or in upscale neighborhoods
without reason. If used in quotes or copy, define what it means.